Thursday, January 11, 2018

What is Jacquard Fabric?

Jacquard fabrics are produced using a unique weave that creates elegant looking designs. Where a printed cloth is fabric that has a design printed on the surface of the material, a jacquard weave is different. The design is woven into the fabric and is visible on the back as well as the front side.

This type of weave was used for generations back and was initially very time consuming and detailed. Then a man named Joseph Marie Jacquard invented a loom in 1801 that used paper punch-cards for weaving the design. This early loom gave the fabric its name. Since then looms have been perfected to weave larger size fabrics and which have cut back significantly on production time.

Brocade is a child product of the jacquard fabric. This is a cloth woven with more than one color threads. Where a normal weave creates a smooth fabric, the design of the brocade is raised. You will find brocade in elegant fashion clothing as well as upholstery. It is often a heavier material.

Another type of Jacquard fabric is the damask. This is a thinner and more sheer version of the brocade and the design is normally woven from a single colored thread. Fabric blends are often used for weaving the damask fabric.

Another form of the jacquard weave is the matelass√©. This is a raised design as well, with a quilt like appearance.  Unlike the brocade and damask, the matelass√© has stretchy characteristics. It is woven with silk, rayon or cotton. Bedspreads are commonly found with the matelass√© weave.

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