This type of weave was used for generations back and was initially very time consuming and detailed. Then a man named Joseph Marie Jacquard invented a loom in 1801 that used paper punch-cards for weaving the design. This early loom gave the fabric its name. Since then looms have been perfected to weave larger size fabrics and which have cut back significantly on production time.
Another type of Jacquard fabric is the damask. This is a thinner and more sheer version of the brocade and the design is normally woven from a single colored thread. Fabric blends are often used for weaving the damask fabric.
Another form of the jacquard weave is the matelassé. This is a raised design as well, with a quilt like appearance. Unlike the brocade and damask, the matelassé has stretchy characteristics. It is woven with silk, rayon or cotton. Bedspreads are commonly found with the matelassé weave.